Telonics GPS/Globalstar Collars
TGW-4560-4 GPS/Globalstar on a desert tan collar with CAST-2 option
These collars collect GPS positions and transfer the data to the user through the Globalstar satellite system.
Considerations relative to use of the Globalstar system on wildlife:
- The Globalstar satellite network consists of 24 satellites in low-earth orbit. Overpasses provide continuous coverage over most terrestrial areas of the world, but the system is not worldwide because of its reliance on ground stations. Data received by the satellite is relayed to a ground station in real time and are available to the user within minutes. The coverage map for the Globalstar simplex system as used on wildlife is indicated by the map below.
- The Globalstar simplex system is a one-way system, thus data is retransmitted to increase the probability that the information will be received. In areas with coverage and clear views of the sky, transmission of the original message and two repeats normally results in data transfer percentages near 100%. The original message and the two repeats are typically scheduled within a 30-minute window, so user’s should select a transmission time when they think the animal is most likely to be in an area with good access to satellites (e.g. not when it would predictably be in a den or an area with dense cover).
- With Telonics GPS units, a single Globalstar message can transfer 5-6 GPS locations.
- Units may optionally be configured to collect QFP locations and store these locations on board the unit. QFP is Telonics quick fix positioning technology that obtains the data necessary to calculate a GPS position in as little as about 5 seconds. QFP locations can be obtained and stored with much less energy than traditional GPS positions; however, it not practical to transmit QFP locations via Globalstar. If recovery of the collar can be expected, some applications can benefit from collection of numerous QFP positions, which are stored-on-board for download with the collar in hand; and less frequent GPS positions which are transmitted through the Globalstar system.
- Transmissions can contain a mortality flag (which relates to whether there has been movement detected by an accelerometer within a user-defined period) and a low-voltage flag (which indicates the battery may die soon). You can receive real-time notification of mortality events via email at no additional charge.
- Activity or temperature data can be collected and stored on board, and be downloaded if the collar is recovered, but it is not normally practical to transmit activity or temperature data using Globalstar.
- Telonics GPS Globalstar units are FCC and IC certified and available for use throughout the United States and Canada with no additional licensing required for the data transfer component.
- Data is normally retrieved through a third-party, AssetLink Global, which offers the least expensive data retrieval option for users. Globalstar data retrieval rates are lower than other satellite-based systems (~$5.00/unit/month with one daily transmission).
Other Key Features
- In addition to the GPS and Globalstar portions of these units, they typically include a VHF transmitter. The VHF transmitters can be used to locate or monitor the collars from the ground or aircraft, including aiding in recovery of a collar at the end of a study.
- Users can program or reprogram Telonics GPS/Globalstar units through use of Telonics Product Programmer (TPP). TPP uses a graphical user interface, and makes it possible for users to program their own systems and simulate performance of the system prior to deployment.
- GPS/QFP collection schedules, Globalstar transmission schedules, VHF schedules, and sensor options can all be user-defined. Scheduling can be programmed to change over time (e.g. seasonal changes where monitoring might be less intensive at certain times of the year).
- Data retrieved through the Globalstar system, or downloaded from a collar in hand, are processed using Telonics Data Converter (TDC). TDC is used to convert raw data from Telonics transmitters into data reports and to display locations on Google Earth and Google Maps. You can review TDC reports in Microsoft Excel or other spreadsheet programs.
- All positions determined and sensor data collected is stored-on-board the collar, thus if the collar is able to be recovered, stored data can supplement what was transmitted through Globalstar.
- Telonics CR-2a, CR-5, or CR-7 programmable collar release mechanisms can be added to these collars.
- A Real-time clock calendar controls all timing functions and is re-synchronized with GPS time to assure high accuracy timing. All timing is programmed using Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
- When turned off using a magnetic switch, these units consume less than 10 µA; this allows storage for extended periods with minimal impact on operational life.
- Units can be refurbished to their original condition at Telonics.
L x W x H (in, cm)
|Housing Weight (g)
||Estimated Weight with Collar (g)
||2.5 x 1.5 x 1.3
6.4 x 3.8 x 3.3
||~350 – 500
||2.8 x 2.0 x 1.5
7.1 x 5.1 x 3.8
||~500 - 600
||3.0 x 2.7 x 1.9
7.6 x 6.9 x 4.8
||~800 - 1000
||4.4 x 2.7 x 2.3
11.2 x 6.9 x 5.8
||~1600 - 2000+
Examples of Operational Life
Battery life is dependent on the number of attempted GPS positions, number of Globalstar data transmissions, VHF schedule, and operational temperature. The GPS, Globalstar, and VHF schedules are all user definable in accordance with the objectives of your study. Please consult with Telonics to assist with determining what would work best for your application.
Estimates below assume average low temperatures of 0°C for extended periods and that the VHF transmitter has an average pulse period of 1500 ms (40 beats per minute). Higher temperatures will result in increased battery life and lower temperatures shorter lives. Faster VHF pulse rates or greater periods of VHF operation will decrease life. The following are examples only, with many other options possible. Each GPS fix will be transmitted at least one time in the estimates below. Battery life can be significantly extended if some of the locations (GPS or QFP) can be stored on board and without transmitting. Contact Telonics for details.
||Battery Life (years) with daily Globalstar transmission, and...
||VHF 8 hours/day
||5.0 - 6.1
||2.7 - 3.3
||2.5 - 3.0
||1.7 - 2.1
||1.8 - 2.2
||1.4 - 1.7
|12 GPS/day (2 Globalstar/day)
||1.0 - 1.2
||0.8 - 1.0
||11.4 - 13.6
||6.2 - 7.4
||3.8 - 4.6
||2.9 - 3.6
||3.1 - 3.8
||2.5 - 3.1
|12 GPS/day (2 Globalstar/day)
||1.6 - 2.0
||1.4 - 1.8
||19.0 - 22.0
||11.0 - 13.0
||7.4 - 8.8
||5.8 - 7.0
||6.1 - 7.3
||4.9 - 6.0
|12 GPS/day (2 Globalstar/day)
||3.3 - 4.0
||2.9 - 3.7
||16.0 - 19.0
||11.0 - 13.0
||8.7 - 10.5
||9.1 - 11.0
||7.3 - 9.0
|12 GPS/day (2 Globalstar/day)
||4.9 - 6.0
||4.3 - 5.5
Specifications: Electronic and Packaging - GPS/Globalstar - Show
TGW-xxxx Terrestrial Wildlife Configurations
General System Specifications
|Timing Accuracy||Timing is synchronized to GPS time when available. If the GPS time is not then internal timing accuracy is:|
6 min/year at 25° C
30 min/yr -20 to +40° C
47 min/yr -40 to +70° C
|Available Sensors||Mortality, Activity, Temperature, Low Voltage|
|Memory Capacity||Capable of storing 100K fixes in nonvolatile flash memory in association with other sensor data.|
GPS Receiver Specifications
|Performance||-163 dBm tracking sensitivity -147 dBm acquisition sensitivity|
|Time to First Fix (TTFF)||35sec typical (with clear view of sky)|
Quick Fix Pseudoranging (QFP) 3 sec typical (with clear view of sky)
Globalstar Transmitter Module Specifications
|General||FCC ID L2V-STX3|
Industry Canada ID 3989A-STX3
Frequency Range 1610-1620 MHz
Applicable FCC Rules CFR Title 47, parts 2, 15, and 25
Power Output 100mW
|Mechanical/Environmental||Operating Temperature Range -40 to +70 °C|
|Globalstar Antenna Specifications||In collar-mounted wildlife configurations the Globalstar antenna is mounted on the dorsal surface of the neck. The antenna is installed in a high impact nonconductive plastic housing. The form of the housing presents sloping sides so that it will be impervious to chewing and gnawing as is possible. A highly armored antenna cable connects the antenna to the instrument package.|
VHF Transmitter Component Specifications
OPERATION INTERLOCK: All elements of the VHF transmitter component are forced off whenever the Globalstar transmitter module is on. This interlock device forcibly prevents simultaneous operation of the two transmitters, thus they are not considered to be co-located under FCC regulations.
|Available Frequency Options||Option 700 138-175 MHz|
Up to 230MHz supported. Contact Telonics for details.
|Frequency Stability||Better than ±3 ppm at room temperature;|
±5 ppm total tolerance over full temperature range
|Operating Temperature||-40° to + 70° C|
|Pulse Width||Programmable (10 to 250 msec)|
|Pulse Period||Programmable (560 to 5000 msec)|
5 separate pulse period values selectable:
Period 1 (indicates last GPS fix successful)
Period 2 (indicates last GPS fix QFP, if equipped)
Period 3 (indicates last GPS fix unsuccessful)
Mortality period (if no motion for selected time)
Dead Battery period
|Available Sensors||Mortality Sensor (parameters are user programmable)|
|Transmitter Timing||Programmable seasons and duty cycles.|
|Power Output||Programmable Low/Medium/High power. Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) varies, depending on packaging, antenna configuration, and immediate environmental conditions.|
* California Users: This transmitter meets the California requirement of EIRP <0.009 W for all configurations.
|Harmonic Suppression||Better than 30 dB (>40 dB typical)|
|Spurious Emissions||<-35 dBc at 10 kHz offset from carrier|
|Frequency||Aging: <2 ppm/yr|
Shock: <1 ppm 3000 g x 0.3 ms x ½ sine x 3 dir
|VSWR||RF output stable to 10:1 VSWR, all phases|
Radiated harmonic levels are degraded with poor load VSWR.
Spurious emission specification maintained for >10:1 VSWR
|Programming||Transmitter parameters programmable via antenna "1-pin" interface and Telonics TPP PC software.|
|Hermetic Metal Canisters||Electronics are sealed in hermetic metal canisters containing the electronics, batteries, and all interconnects. Glass to metal feed-thru technology is used to exit antennas and power. This packing is hermetic and can be tested utilizing a helium leak bomb test for hermeticity to assure < 1 part in 106 atmospheric CC per second.|
|Collared Designs||Collar designs are species specific.|
Notice to United States Users
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesirable operation.
The user is cautioned that changes or modifications not expressly approved by Telonics could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This device contains FCC ID: UQR-CMDCSTM3
To satisfy FCC RF Exposure requirements for mobile and base station transmission devices, a separation distance of 20cm or more should be maintained between the antenna of this device and persons during operation. To ensure compliance, operation at closer than this distance is not recommended.
Notice to Canadian Users
Under Industry Canada regulations, this radio transmitter may only operate using the antenna integrated into the device.
This device complies with Industry Canada license-exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.
This device contains IC ID: 8863A-CMDCSTM3
Telonics Data Converter (TDC) is used to convert raw data from Telonics transmitters into data reports and to display locations on Google Earth and Google Maps. You can review TDC reports in Microsoft Excel or other spreadsheet programs.
Telonics Product Programmer (TPP) is a powerful software tool used to program Telonics transmitters, and Telonics CR-5 and CR-7 collar release mechanisms. TPP gives you the ability to modify aspects of your Telonics GEN4 GPS and VHF transmitters including data collection and transmission intervals. TPP is designed for ease of use, with simple point-and-click navigation through the program.
The TSC-7A is a multi-use interface cable terminated with a USB A connector and a male BNC (bayonet style) connector. The cable is used to connect various Telonics products to a computer when using Telonics Product Programmer (TPP), Telonics Data Converter (TDC), or the CR-2a BCP-2 programming software. The BNC connector allows quick and easy attachment of various adapters.
Adapter, female BNC to alligator clips for use with the TSC-7A cable. This adapter is used for systems where programming/download connections are made using the antenna tip or saltwater switch buttons.
A release mechanism is often desirable on collars because it means collars can be recovered without having to recapture an animal and/or that an animal does not need to wear the collar for the remainder of its life. Telonics currently offers three microprocessor-controlled programmable release mechanisms that provide reliable release at a precise time. The CR-2a and CR-5 can be installed onto any Telonics wildlife tracking collar with a collar width of 2 inches or greater. The CR-7 is a smaller programmable release that can be installed on 1.5 inch wide Telonics collars.
Lithium Battery Shipping Regulations
Telonics, Inc. ships all systems containing lithium batteries in accordance with United Nation and US Federal regulations for shipping hazardous materials.
49 Code of Federal Regulations
IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (current year)
Since 1970, Telonics has built a reputation based on product quality, product support, service, and customer satisfaction. Telonics strives to produce the highest quality products, and to support those products accordingly.
Because of extreme conditions and the unpredictable nature associated with most telemetry applications, problems occasionally arise. Most problems can be resolved quickly. In all cases, we hope to be able to work in partnership with users to resolve problems to the user's satisfaction and to uphold our demonstrated commitment to excellence. If problems should arise, all products must be returned to our factory for failure analysis.
Warranty: GEN 4 GPS Systems - Show
Telonics warrants its GPS products to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from the date acquired. Telonics does not warrant batteries.
Telonics designs and manufactures systems for a variety of applications using several satellite systems (GPS, Argos, Iridium, and Globalstar). At the time of manufacturing, Telonics equipment is tested to verify compatibility with the applicable satellite system(s). Telonics does not warranty equipment against changes in satellite system specifications or satellite operation after the date your equipment was manufactured. Unforeseeable or unplanned system changes would include, but are not limited to, elevated ambient noise levels in the radio frequency bands used for satellite communications, elimination of service in a region of the world, data outages due to technical problems within the satellite system network, or reductions in data transfer capability due to alterations in the constellation as a result of premature space vehicle failures or failure to replace space vehicles in a timely manner.
If a defect occurs, return the equipment to us within the proper time frame at the following address: TELONICS, 932 E. IMPALA AVENUE, MESA AZ USA 85204-6699. The customer shall arrange for and pay all shipping, insurance and related charges incurred in the shipment to and from Telonics under this warranty. Damage to any equipment resulting from misuse, accidents, unauthorized service, extreme conditions, or other causes, is excluded from this warranty. Telonics does not assume responsibility for loss or damage to equipment during shipment. Telonics does not assume responsibility for delays resulting from shipment on commercial or private carriers. We insure all equipment shipped from our facility and suggest that shipments to Telonics also be insured.
Upon the timely return to our facility, if defective, the product will be replaced or repaired at our discretion at no cost to the customer. This remedy is the exclusive remedy. This product is supplied without any further warranties or conditions, expressed or implied, including warranties of merchantability, quality or fitness for particular reason or those arising by laws, statutes or trade usage or course of dealing.
The entire risk, as to the results and performance of the product, is assumed by the customer. Neither Telonics, nor its suppliers, shall have any liability to the customer or any other person or entity for any indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damage whatsoever, regardless whether Telonics has been told of the possibility of such damages or that such damages might be foreseeable. Telonics has no responsibility or liability for the claims of any third party. The maximum aggregate to the customer, of Telonics and its suppliers, shall not exceed the amount paid by the customer for the product.