Gen4 GPS and VHF Systems for Caribou

Caribou
Caribou in Greenland. Photo courtesy of Christine Cuyler.

GPS/Iridium Key Features

  • NEW: Geofencing is now available.
  • NEW: Two way scheduling changes are now available.
  • The system can be programmed to store high accuracy standard GPS and/or QFP positions in memory. QFP is Telonics' new rapid fix GPS technology that obtains the data necessary to calculate a GPS positions in as little as 3-5 seconds. QFP technology has been used in marine applications for several years and is now making its way into terrestrial applications. The technology can be used to increase the number of positions collected or extend the time over which positions are collected by as much as 3-6 times relative to standard GPS positioning. Location accuracy for GPS/QFP is virtually the same as standard GPS.
  • Other biologically significant data that can be collected include activity level, temperature, and mortality events. For some marine mammal applications (e.g., polar bears) a saltwater switch can provide information on time spent in and out of sea water.
  • Real-time clock calendar (RTC) controls all timing functions and is re-synchronized with GPS time to assure high accuracy event timing.
  • Shutdown with a small magnet allows users to turn each of these configurations "on" or "off". When turned "off", TGW-4xxx series based units consume less than 12 µA. Given these low current levels, users can store their units for extended periods with minimal impact on operational life.
  • Units can be refurbished to their original condition at the factory.
  • All products can be programmed by Telonics Product Programmer (TPP) which uses a graphical user interface. TPP makes it possible for users to program their own systems and simulate performance of the system prior to deployment.
    • On-board sensors can be activated or deactivated in the field. Data collection regimes and schedules can be altered as required. Collected sensor data can be selectively included in Iridium uplink transmissions.
  • Data Decoding - Data are processed using the Telonics Data Converter (TDC), which supports both the Iridium data collection distribution and the direct download of memory using the TSC-4 or the TSC-7 cable. TDC provides a comma separated value (csv) output file with time stamps for all data collected. TDC can be run interactively, or in "batch mode" for hands-off operation. TDC allows you to plot GPS fixes and GPS-QFP locations for presentation using Google Earth.

Iridium Data Transfer System Features

  • Complete global coverage with 66 satellites in the constellation orbiting at 780 km above the earth. Additional satellites will bring the constellation to 81 in 2015.
  • Intra-satellite communication means that signals do not rely on ground stations being in-view to transfer data and the system has true worldwide coverage.
  • Two-way communications allows for confirmation of received transmissions, so the system does not need to resend data over and over again.
  • The system is always available for real time data transfer.

GPS/Iridium Models

Daily Iridium uplinks and immediate notification of mortality

Model Dimensions L x W x H (in, cm) Canister Weight (g) Estimated Weight with Collar (g) Operational Life
1 Year
Monthly Service Fee
1 Year
Operational Life
2 Years
Monthly Service Fee
2 Years
Operational Life
5 Years
Monthly Service Fee
5 Years
TGW-4570-3 2.9 x 2.3 x 2.0
7.4 x 5.8 x 5.1
340 700-1100 34 fixes per day $14 16 fixes per day $10 4 fixes per day $10
TGW-4670-3 3.25 x 2.75 x 2.25
8.3 x 7.0 x 5.7
625 1100-1200 79 fixes per day $16 37 fixes per day $14 12 fixes per day $10

Average time to fix of 75 seconds, Average temperature of 25°C
1500ms VHF pulse period, VHF on for 16 hours per week.
There is a one-time activation fee of $40 in addition to monthly fees.

GPS Manual

For Electronic and Packaging Specifications, please see the Gen 4 GPS User's manual.



GPS/Globalstar Key Features

General Features

  • The system can be programmed to store high accuracy standard GPS and/or QFP positions in memory. QFP is Telonics' new rapid fix GPS technology that obtains the data necessary to calculate a GPS positions in as little as 3-5 seconds. QFP technology has been used in marine applications for several years and is now making its way into terrestrial applications. The technology can be used to increase the number of positions collected or extend the time over which positions are collected by as much as 3-6 times relative to standard GPS positioning. Location accuracy for GPS/QFP is virtually the same as standard GPS.
  • Other biologically significant data that can be collected include activity level, temperature, and mortality events. For some marine mammal applications (e.g., polar bears) a saltwater switch can provide information on time spent in and out of sea water.
  • Shutdown with a small magnet allows users to turn each of these configurations "on" or "off". When turned "off", TGW-4xxx series based units consume less than 12 µA. Given these low current levels, users can store their units for extended periods with minimal impact on operational life.
  • Units can be refurbished to their original condition at the factory.
  • Data Decoding - Data are processed using the Telonics Data Converter (TDC), which supports both the Globalstar data collection distribution and the direct download of memory using the TSC-4 or the TSC-7 cable. TDC provides a comma separated value (csv) output file with time stamps for all data collected. TDC can be run interactively, or in "batch mode" for hands-off operation. TDC allows you to plot GPS fixes and GPS-QFP locations for presentation using Google Earth.
  • All products can be programmed by Telonics Product Programmer (TPP) which uses a graphical user interface. TPP makes it possible for users to program their own systems and simulate performance of the system prior to deployment.
    • On-board sensors can be activated or deactivated in the field. Data collection regimes and schedules can be altered as required. Sensor data can be enhanced or deleted from Globalstar uplink transmissions.
  • Real-time clock calendar (RTC) controls all timing functions and is re-synchronized with GPS time to assure high accuracy event timing.

Globalstar Data Transfer System

  • The Globalstar satellite network consists of 48 space vehicles in low-earth orbit (LEO). Overpasses provide continuous coverage over most of the globe but the system is not worldwide as ground stations must be in mutual view.
  • Data received by the satellite is relayed to a ground station in real time. Transmissions that successfully negotiate these links are delivered directly to the end user within minutes, usually via e-mail.
  • The simplex Globalstar system is a one-way system. Messages are up to 144 bytes in length and units may be on the air for up to 26 seconds. Data must be retransmitted to increase the probability that the information will be received. Globalstar requires transmitters to wait approximately 30 minutes before generating the next transmission.
  • The system is available continuously and therefore supports real time data transfer.
  • Telonics GPS Globalstar units are FCC and IC certified and available for use throughout the United States and Canada with no additional licensing required for the data transfer component.

GPS/Globalstar Models

Model Dimensions L x W x H (in, cm) Canister Weight (g) Estimated Weight with Collar (g) Operational Life
1 Year
Monthly Service Fee
1 Year
Operational Life
2 Years
Monthly Service Fee
2 Years
Operational Life
5 Years
Monthly Service Fee
5 Years
TGW-4460-3 2.78 x 1.8 x 1.42
7.0 x 4.5 x 3.5
210 416-582 58 fixes per week,
13 uplinks per week
$8 30 fixes per week,
6 uplinks per week
$5
TGW-4560-3 2.9 x 2.3 x 2.0
7.4 x 5.8 x 5.1
340 700-1100 20 fixes per day,
4 uplinks per day
$14 10 fixes per day,
2 uplinks per day
$8 25 fixes per week,
5 uplinks per week
$5
TGW-4660-3 3.25 x 2.75 x 2.25
8.3 x 7.0 x 5.7
625 1100-1200 45 fixes per day,
9 uplinks per day
$29 20 fixes per day,
4 uplinks per day
$14 59 fixes per week,
12 uplinks per week
$7

Average time to fix of 75 seconds, Average temperature of 25°C.
Monthly service fee assumes 50% transmission success.
There is a one-time activation fee of $30 in addition to monthly fees.

GPS Manual

For Electronic and Packaging Specifications, please see the Gen 4 GPS User's manual.



GPS/Argos Key Features

  • Lower current consumption provides a 100% increase in operational life or an increase in performance during that same operational time frame.
  • The newest GPS receiver technology provides faster time to fix.
  • Up to 24 positions per day can be recovered through Argos by using the innovative paging date protocol.
  • More flexible programming schedules available to the user.
  • Single printed wiring board construction and higher integration makes the electronics more rugged and increases reliability in high shock/vibration environments.
  • All products can be programmed by Telonics Product Programmer (TPP) which uses a graphical user interface. TPP makes it possible for users to program their own systems and simulate performance of the system prior to deployment.
  • The Telonics Data converter (TDC) provides complete data decoding of Argos DS files and supports complete memory downloading. TDC provides a standard csv output file (comma separated value) with time stamps for all data collected. TDC can be run in the "batch mode" for hands off operation.
  • TDC allows you to plot GPS fixes and Argos locations with Google Earth.
  • Various attachment options have been designed specifically for ungulate species

GPS/Argos Models

Configuration Dimensions L x W x H (in, cm) Canister Weight (g) Estimated Collar Weight (g) Operational Life
1 Year
Operational Life
2 Years
Operational Life
5 Years
TGW-4480-3 2.78 x 1.8 x 1.42
7.0 x 4.5 x 3.5
210 416-582 10 fixes per day, 5-hour uplink every 3 days 5 fixes per day, 5.5-hour uplink every 7 days
TGW-4583-3 2.9 x 2.3 x 2.0
7.4 x 5.8 x 5.1
340 700-1100 27 fixes per day, 4.25-hour uplink every day 13 fixes per day, 4.3-hour uplink every 2 days 5 fixes per day, 6-hour uplink every 8 days
TGW-4680-3 3.25 x 2.75 x 2.25
8.3 x 7.0 x 5.7
625 1100-1200 54 fixes per day, 9-hour uplink every day 27 fixes per day, 4.3-hour uplink every day 10 fixes per day, 3.3-hour uplink every 2 days

Average time to fix of 75 seconds, 150-second repetition rate, Average temperature of 25°C.


GPS Manual

For Electronic and Packaging Specifications, please see the Gen 4 GPS User's manual.



VHF Key Features

  • Multiple power levels to accommodate greater range or greater life
  • Duty cycling and seasons based on calendar dates and times to extend operational life
  • Mortality sensing based on a motion or temperature threshold
  • Optionally reports the elapsed time since mortality is detected
  • Monitors activity intensity or an active/inactive threshold
  • Field programmable with Telonics Product Programmer

VHF Models

Standard Collar Systems

Model Dimensions L x W x H (in, cm) Canister Weight (g) Life @60BPM
Standard Power (months)
Transmitter Electronics
MOD-315-3 1.4 x 1.4 x 1.1
3.6 x 3.6 x 2.8
100 19.8 MK-11
MOD-315-2 1.4 x 1.4 x 1.1
3.6 x 3.6 x 2.8
100 22.3 MK-12
MOD-400-3 2.4 x 1.5 x 1.3
6.1 x 3.8 x 3.3
175 31.2 MK-11
MOD-400-2 2.4 x 1.5 x 1.3
6.1 x 3.8 x 3.3
175 35.3 MK-12
MOD-500-3 2.7 x 2.0 x 1.5
6.9 x 5.1 x 3.7
265 68.7 MK-11
MOD-500-2 2.7 x 2.0 x 1.5
6.9 x 5.1 x 3.7
265 77 MK-12
MOD-600-3 3.0 x 2.7 x 1.9
7.6 x 6.8 x 4.9
485 123 MK-11
MOD-600-2 3.0 x 2.7 x 1.9
7.6 x 6.8 x 4.9
485 136 MK-12


Implantable Systems

Model Dimensions L x W x H (in, cm) Canister Weight (g) Life @60BPM Std Pow (months) Life @60BPM Min Pow (months) Transmitter Electronics Transmitter Options
IMP-200 2.4 x 0.9
6.1 x 2.3
25 7.5 19.2 MK8 MS6, MA, MS9, MDC, MS4, MS5
IMP-325 3.7 x 0.9
9.4 x 2.3
42 15 38.3 MK8 MS6, MA, MS9, MDC, MS4, MS5
IMP-400 3.8 x 1.3
9.7 x 3.3
~95 31.8 81.2 MK8 MS6, MA, MS9, MDC, MS4, MS5

*There are more implant configurations that may prove to be better suited to a specific application. To view additional configurations, click here. To view heart rate configurations, click here.

Data Logging Option (Option 350)

The Data Logging Option for MK-11 and MK-12 transmitters (Option 350) allows sensor data from the MS6 mortality-motion sensor, MA activity sensor, and/or the MS4 temperature sensor to be stored in transmitter memory and made available for download if the transmitter is able to be retrieved at the end of a study. Additional information regarding how these sensors work is provided in the Sensor Options section below. This option requires use of Telonics Data Converter to download the stored data.

For the MS6 motion-mortality sensor, the data logging records each date and time the sensor switches from active/alive to inactive/mortality or back. Assuming that no other sensor measurements are being stored, the data log can accommodate about 0.5 million transitions. Note that smaller units may not have sufficient battery capacity to fill the memory. The most recent 9-16 such transitions are recorded even without this option, but this option stores all such transitions.

For the MA activity sensor, the data logging option stores accelerometer data at user-defined intervals. These intervals may be the same throughout the anticipated life of the transmitter or they may change "seasonally". The activity data recorded is the number of active seconds (or other defined classification interval) during a defined collection interval. For example the number of active seconds in a one hour collection interval would be saved as a number between 0-3600. Assuming that no other sensor measurements are being stored, the data log can accommodate about 2.0 million measurements based on 30sec, 1 minute, or 5 minute intervals or about 1.3 million based on longer intervals. The activity collection schedule for data logging is independent of any activity schedule selected to control pulse rate.

For the MS4 temperature sensor, the data logging option stores temperature data at user-defined intervals (in 0.16°C increments). These intervals may be the same throughout the anticipated life of the transmitter or they may change "seasonally". The data log can store an estimated 1.3 million measurements if no other sensor data are stored. The temperature collection schedule for data logging is independent of any temperature schedule selected to control pulse rate.

Specifications for Transmitter Electronics

MK11/12 Transmitter General Specifications

MK-11 and MK-12 beacons are microprocessor controlled pulsed-CW transmitters, designed for operation within the 137 - 225 MHz frequency range. Each MK-11 beacon transmits on a single, field-programmable frequency (within the frequency range that is ordered). MK-11 beacons also support 3 field-programmable power levels. The MK-12 beacon is crystal based, and therefore each beacon is built to operate on a specific frequency and with a specific power output (four power levels to choose from when ordering).

Frequency Range MK11:
137 - 143 MHz (option 700),
143 - 156 MHz (option 710),
154 - 164 MHz (option 720),
162 - 174 MHz (option 730),
164 - 182 MHz (option 740),
182 - 201 MHz (option 750),
201 - 222 MHz (option 760)

MK12:
140 - 225 MHz
Frequency Tolerance MK11:
Calibration: ±3 ppm max at room temperature / ±5 ppm from -40° to +70°C
Aging: <1ppm/yr
Shock: <1ppm 3000g x 0.2ms x ½ sine x 3 directions

MK12:
Calibration: ±17 ppm at room temperature / ±25 ppm from -40° to +70°C
Load: <7ppm typical for VSWR < 6:1
Supply Voltage: <3ppm typical over supply voltage range at 25°C
Aging: <1ppm/yr
Shock: <1ppm 3000g x 0.2ms x ½ sine x 3 directions
VSWR Stability MK11: RF output stable to 10:1 VSWR, all phases.
Radiated harmonic levels are degraded with poor load VSWR.
Spurious emission specification maintained for > 10:1 VSWR.

MK12: RF output stable to 5:1 VSWR, all phases.
Radiated harmonic levels are degraded with poor load VSWR.
Spurious emission specification maintained for > 5:1 VSWR.
Output Power
MK11: Field Programmable using TPP
Transmit Power Peak Power Output
Relative to Medium Power
Low 0.5 * Medium Power
Med  
High 2.0 * Medium Power

MK12: Ordering Options for Power Level
Option Transmit Power Peak Power Output Levels
Relative to Standard Power
200 Low (Temperature > -20°C) 0.5 * Medium Power (Higher efficiency)
202 Low 0.5 * Medium Power
204 Medium  
206 High 2.0 * Medium Power

Output power is measured into 50 Ω load. Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) varies, depending on packaging, antenna configuration, and immediate environmental conditions.
Emission Designator MK11: 2k00P0N -
California users: These transmitters meet the California requirement of EIRP < 0.009 W for all conditions.
MK12: 1k00P0N -
California users: These transmitters exceed the emission designator requirement of 2k00P0N for operation in California. The 1k00P0N emission designator is identical to the 2k00P0N except that it occupies only half of the 2 kHz bandwidth allowed by the State of California for wildlife tracking.
Harmonic and Coherent Spurious Suppression MK11: <-30 dBc into 50Ω load
MK12: Coherent Spurious <-10 dBc
Spurious Suppression MK11: <-35dBc typical at > 10kHz offset from carrier
MK12: Non-Coherent Spurious <-50 dBc
RF Pulse Width 15 msec standard
Can optionally be configured from 10 - 250 msec
Pulse Period Configurable from 250 - 5000 msec (12-240 Bpm)
RTC Accuracy / Seasonal Timing Temperature Compensated:
± 12min/yr max
Temperature Range -40°C to +70°C (Note: Temperature range is for the transmitter only. The power supply must provide the required peak current and voltage requirements for the transmitter over the expected temperature range.)
Shutdown Component Externally shutdown by presence of a small magnet
Available Sensors
MS6 Mortality - Motion Sensor
MA Activity Sensor
MS4 Temperature Sensor
MS5 Temperature-triggered Mortality Sensor
Sensor descriptions available separately

Sensor Options for VHF Transmitters using the MK-11 or MK-12 Electronics

MK-11 or MK-12 Sensor Options

VHF Manual

Related Products

TDC Telonics Data Converter Telonics Data Converter (TDC) is used to convert raw data from Telonics transmitters into data reports and to display locations on Google Earth and Google Maps. You can review TDC reports in Microsoft Excel or other spreadsheet programs.

TPP Telonics Product Programmer Telonics Product Programmer (TPP) is a powerful software tool used to program Telonics transmitters, and Telonics CR-5 and CR-7 collar release mechanisms. TPP gives you the ability to modify aspects of your Telonics GEN4 GPS and VHF transmitters including data collection and transmission intervals. TPP is designed for ease of use, with simple point-and-click navigation through the program.

TSC-4A and TSC-7 Fast/Active Smart Cable The TSC-4A and TSC-7 are multi-use USB interface cable and features a USB A type computer connector and a male BNC (bayonet style) embedded device connector. The BNC connector allows quick and easy attachment of various embedded device adapters (available separately).

CN008351-001 Adapter Adapter, female BNC to alligator clips for use with the TSC-7A cable. This adapter is used for systems where programming/download connections are made using the antenna tip or saltwater switch buttons.

TSTR-4 Test Receiver The TSTR-4 provides transmit indication for Argos PTTs (401.650 MHz). Provides both a visual indicator and audio tone with each transmission. Operates on a standard 9 volt battery. Designed specifically for short range (2-3 feet) testing of Argos transmitters.

Photo Gallery

Lithium Battery Shipping Regulations

Telonics, Inc. ships all systems containing lithium batteries in accordance with United Nation and US Federal regulations for shipping hazardous materials.

49 Code of Federal Regulations
http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?SID=e8334217c2c8d081457a5156872ad037&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title49/49cfrv2_02.tpl#0

IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (current year)

Service Commitment

Since 1970, Telonics has built a reputation based on product quality, product support, service, and customer satisfaction. Telonics strives to produce the highest quality products, and to support those products accordingly.

Because of extreme conditions and the unpredictable nature associated with most telemetry applications, problems occasionally arise. Most problems can be resolved quickly. In all cases, we hope to be able to work in partnership with users to resolve problems to the user's satisfaction and to uphold our demonstrated commitment to excellence. If problems should arise, all products must be returned to our factory for failure analysis.

Warranty: GEN 4 GPS Systems

Telonics warrants its GPS products to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of one year from the date acquired. Telonics does not warrant batteries.

Telonics designs and manufactures systems for a variety of applications using several satellite systems (GPS, Argos, Iridium, and Globalstar). At the time of manufacturing, Telonics equipment is tested to verify compatibility with the applicable satellite system(s). Telonics does not warranty equipment against changes in satellite system specifications or satellite operation after the date your equipment was manufactured. Unforeseeable or unplanned system changes would include, but are not limited to, elevated ambient noise levels in the radio frequency bands used for satellite communications, elimination of service in a region of the world, data outages due to technical problems within the satellite system network, or reductions in data transfer capability due to alterations in the constellation as a result of premature space vehicle failures or failure to replace space vehicles in a timely manner.

If a defect occurs, return the equipment to us within the proper time frame at the following address: TELONICS, 932 E. IMPALA AVENUE, MESA AZ USA 85204-6699. The customer shall arrange for and pay all shipping, insurance and related charges incurred in the shipment to and from Telonics under this warranty. Damage to any equipment resulting from misuse, accidents, unauthorized service, extreme conditions, or other causes, is excluded from this warranty. Telonics does not assume responsibility for loss or damage to equipment during shipment. Telonics does not assume responsibility for delays resulting from shipment on commercial or private carriers. We insure all equipment shipped from our facility and suggest that shipments to Telonics also be insured.

Upon the timely return to our facility, if defective, the product will be replaced or repaired at our discretion at no cost to the customer. This remedy is the exclusive remedy. This product is supplied without any further warranties or conditions, expressed or implied, including warranties of merchantability, quality or fitness for particular reason or those arising by laws, statutes or trade usage or course of dealing. The entire risk, as to the results and performance of the product, is assumed by the customer. Neither Telonics, nor its suppliers, shall have any liability to the customer or any other person or entity for any indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damage whatsoever, regardless whether Telonics has been told of the possibility of such damages or that such damages might be foreseeable. Telonics has no responsibility or liability for the claims of any third party. The maximum aggregate to the customer, of Telonics and its suppliers, shall not exceed the amount paid by the customer for the product.

Warranty: VHF